Concrete-constructive Play Art
The exhibition’s focus lies on the 1950s-1970s, during which period concrete-constructive artists in particular confronted the topic of direct beholder involvement in the most diverse manner, developing a broad range of techniques and utilizing various materials. On show, among others, are early dynamic reliefs by Karl Gerstner, Spielobjekte by Gerhard von Graevenitz, a large Kugelbild by Paul Talman, the Grosse Drehflügel Serie E and the Vierkantrohre Serie DW by Charlotte Posenenske. Dieter Roth began to breach constructive art’s strict rules of order right from his early works. For example, as in op-art, visual interferences are generated in the Drehrasterbild by means of rotary movements. In the Gummibandbild the visual support becomes a playing field with rows of nails running orthogonally: the user, who is able to form an infinite variety of patterns and shapes by tensing the elastic bands on the nails, becomes the artist and collaborator in an art form for everyone. South American artists such as Carlos Cruz-Diez or Mary Vieira, who created transformable sculptures out of wood or metal, also explained their participative art in socio-political terms. Italian artists within the Milan-based Gruppo T, among them Gianni Colombo, Gabriele Devecchi and Grazia Varisco, dealt intensively with the topics of space, time and movement. Magnetic elements and belts can be moved on Varisco’s reliefs. In Colombo’s Superficie in variazione levers on the faux fur surface are pulled in order to create different structures.